How to Complete a VLOOKUP in Excel

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Written By Joyce VFM

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When completing a VLOOKUP in Excel, there are some different options to choose from. These include case-insensitive lookup, exact match, and closest match. If you are having trouble completing your lookup, here are some tips to help you get started.

Case-insensitive lookup

A case-insensitive lookup in Vlookup works by comparing two rows in the same table. In this example, we will use the first column. We will then use the EXACT function to get a matching row. If you want to compare the second column, use the MAX function. The result will be an array of matching rows.

You can also use a helper column to obtain a unique lookup value for each item. This will make it easier to distinguish between different cases of names. For this, you need to insert a helper column on the left. It should contain the formula =ROW(). Then, insert a row number in each cell. Once you have done this, look up the value in cell F2.

If you don’t need to use a helper column, you can just enter the value for a Vlookup. The helper column must be to the left of the column from which you want to pull the data. The VLOOKUP function should be adjusted to accommodate it. Alternatively, you can also perform a case-sensitive lookup in Vlookup without a helper column. This technique uses a virtual helper column that isn’t part of the worksheet but rather is created within the formula.

In the VLOOKUP formula, you can use the INDEX function to find a row number in an array. It returns a list of values with the value of a given row, or row and index number. You can use this method to retrieve data even in a row where the numbers are in reverse order.

Closest match

If you need to find an exact match in Excel, you can use the VLOOKUP() function. This function takes a range of values as inputs and finds the closest match. The closest match is the one that’s closest to the target value. For example, if the target value is $600 and you want to find the closest match, you can use the C3 column.

To use VLOOKUP, you must first know what it is. It’s a search function that returns values by comparing a value to the value of a reference column. It can return a result from the same row or the previous row. If you have a large dataset and you want to retrieve the closest match in the range, use the VLOOKUP function.

To determine the closest match, you must sort the values. The first column has the number 100002. If you want to find a value in the second column, use a column reference in column D. The fourth column has the city information. You can also use the range_lookup argument to specify where to look for the closest match.

Another problem with VLOOKUP is that it doesn’t work if you add or delete columns. Because the VLOOKUP function requires an index number for the columns it searches, adding or deleting columns will change the index number. In contrast, INDEX MATCH solves the VLOOKUP problem by allowing you to search for any value.

VLOOKUP also has a limit of 255 characters. If your data set has more than 255 characters, you must use an INDEX MATCH instead.

Exact match

In Excel, you can use the VLOOKUP function to find a value within a table. The first argument is the value that you want to find, the second argument is the range, and the third argument is the column number. The VLOOKUP function can find either an exact or an approximate match.

A VLOOKUP function will return a value only if the lookup value matches the value in the table array. If the lookup value is not present in the table array, the function will return the next-largest value. You can also specify a wildcard character. The asterisk (*) will match any number of characters; a question mark (?) will match any single character.

A VLOOKUP formula can find multiple values from a table, and it can be used with a single value or a list of values. However, this function is slow for exact matches, and it’s recommended to use a named range rather than an absolute reference.

The VLOOKUP function is only useful if your table is organized properly. By default, it returns the first value in a table. If you don’t arrange the data correctly, you might end up with an error message. But, with practice, you can make it work with your table.

This example shows how a VLOOKUP can perform an exact match on three tables: student names, test scores, and exam results. In the first example, the student name, Matt, is entered into cell H2 of the table. The VLOOKUP function checks the first instance of that name, and then returns the grade for the student. The VLOOKUP function is a versatile tool for finding data in your database.

Error message

When you’re trying to complete a VLOOKUP function, you may see an error message. This error means that the value of the lookup parameter is not correct. Usually, the problem is caused by a typo or a mistyped value. Make sure to double-check the lookup value to make sure it’s correct. Also, make sure to avoid leading or trailing spaces.

First, ensure that the data you’re trying to use is organized properly. To use the VLOOKUP function, the data in the source and destination tables must be in the proper order. For example, if you have a table with a column named “A”, the column name must be in the left-most column. If the table is in the wrong order, you’ll get an error message stating that the function could not find the value.

Other reasons you might get an error message if you’re trying to perform a VLOOKUP include incorrectly formatted data, an undefined range, or an undefined cell or range. Sometimes, the error message will also appear if you try to perform a VLOOKUP formula on a number that is formatted as text. This can happen when you import data from an external database or if you type an apostrophe before a number to show the leading zeros.

If you’re having trouble completing a vlookup, you may want to seek assistance from an Excel expert. Some Excel experts offer free initial sessions. If you’re unsure about how to perform a VLOOKUP, you can check out a number of tutorials on the topic.


The VLOOKUP function in Excel is a great way to pull information out of a table. This function dynamically looks up values in a table, and is extremely easy to use. However, it has several limitations. One of its biggest is that it only works when there are unique values in every cell. You can’t use this function for more than one range at a time, and it cannot match values separated by spaces.

The VLOOKUP function can only match values that are within the same table. In order to get data from a table that has more than one column, you must reorder the columns. A better solution is to use an INDEX-MATCH function, which combines the =INDEX() function with a ‘Match’ function. This method is much faster when working with large amounts of data.

Another drawback of the VLOOKUP function is that it cannot lookup values in columns to the left of the value being looked up. In addition, the VLOOKUP function only works on data that is vertical, so if you added a new column to a table, the VLOOKUP function would no longer find the value.

Another limitation of the VLOOKUP function is that it cannot differentiate between upper and lower-case values. Because of this, a VLOOKUP formula in cell E2 can’t differentiate between upper and lowercase values. For example, if the formula for cell E2 is based on the name of a Jason, it will return the grade for both Jasons, rather than the one from cell E1. This problem can only be solved with an INDEX-MATCH function.

When a VLOOKUP cannot find a value in the table, it will return #N/A instead. The index-number argument must be greater than the number of columns in the table-array. Otherwise, the function will return an “exact match” when the values match. Otherwise, it will return “incomplete” if there is no exact match. In addition, an approximate match may give incorrect results because the table is not sorted.

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